Cloning PlantsCloning has become a widely debated subject ever since the first successful cloning operation took place. Cloning animals and subsequently the famous Dolly the sheep in the 1990s proved that bioengineering can be of great use to the humanity. People could clone other organisms for different reasons, some of them being ethically acceptable and other subject to constantly increasing controversy. Here one can read more about plant cloning and how and especially why plants can and are being cloned.
Animal cloning and human cloning are two bio engineering operations that are nowadays more or less accepted by various specialists and the wide public. However, specialists have discovered ways to clone plants as well and plant cloning is commonly performed for different reasons and in different ways. The plants technically clone themselves in order to reproduce through processes that are classified as natural. They commonly send a runner through the soil which finally grows into a separate plant and which is genetically identical with the mother-plant. But this process can simply be repeated by individuals without too much controversy and with different purposes. People can therefore perform plant cloning by cutting of the plant a stem or twig and planting it in soil. Plant cloning taking place in this way is referred to as vegetative propagation.
Plant cloning is commonly used by horticulturists to obtain plants with specific characteristics such as height, quality or flower color. They however use a different procedure which is called tissue culture and which implies using a small piece of the desired plant and which is grown in a test tube that is able to provide the piece of plant with the nutrients it needs. Then, it is chemically treated as to produce shoots and the buds resulting from each shoot are separated as to grow more shoots. The shoots are furthermore chemically treated as to grow roots which will be planted and will develop into whole plants.
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